Wednesday, June 11, 2014


What is Acne?
Photo credit: htp//
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when the oil-secreting glands in the skin are clogged and become inflamed or infected.

 If you’ve never taken time to understand why you breakout, below are basic facts that will help you understand acne, to best effectively fight them.

 1. There are 5 main known causes of acne:

 a. Excessive production of oil by the sebaceous gland (or oil producing gland) of the skin

 b. Hormonal imbalance

 c. Pore build-up based on excessive shedding of dead skin cells d. Irritations or reactions from make-up, food allergies and medication 

e. Bacteria build-up in the pore

 2. Not all “acnes” are the same.
There are different categories of acne based on their severity, location, and size, and they should be treated accordingly.

If you are suffering from the mild forms of acne such as blackheads and white-heads, topical treatments are you best bet for treating them. But in the case of severe acne characterized by large painful nodules, cysts, pustules, and sores, a dermatologist visit is required to make sure that the problem is not exacerbated by harsh cleansers.

Often times an antibiotic may be described to fight the bacteria that causes such severe forms of acne. The worst thing you can do is to pop a zit that’s actually a cyst or nodule.

 3. Pay attention to the location of your acne.
Where your frequently breakout tends to say a lot about the type of pimple you’re having, and how it should be treated. If you breakout on your forehead it is often a sign of stress, using comedogenic makeup, or even your hair style! Acne that occurs around the cheeks and jaw-line is often a result of a hormonal imbalance, (for some women it can be a result of their period). Pimples caused by a hormonal imbalance, needs a combination of topical and systemic treatment.

 4. Acne is not always a direct result of dirty skin So STOP excessively washing, scrubbing and toning you face with skin irritants like alcohol, menthol, lemon and eucalyptus; this aggressive form of cleaning only increases irritation. When I finally learned how to gently wash my face, I noticed that my acne greatly subsided, as opposed to the times when I vigorously scrubbed my face with a wash cloth.

5. There are two course of actions for fighting acne i. Topical treatment & ii. Systemic (internal) treatment For Topical treatments you have 4 active ingredients to pay attention to when choosing the right product for yourself.

    i. Salicylic Acid or Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA): Salicylic Acid fights pimples by sloughing off excess skin cells, it acts as a gentle exfoliate that preps the skin for any treatment to be effectively penetrated. Because of its exfoliating power, Salicylic acid makes for a great face wash.

    ii. Benzoyl Peroxide helps fight the bacteria that causes acne by oxygenating the pores, this kills the bacteria that cannot live in an environment that is oxygen rich. BP is also great from reducing the formation of new bacteria because it helps rid the skin of excess dead skin cells, eliminating the chances of having clogged pores.

 iii. Sulfur is an ingredient frequently found in acne medications. It has been used for years to treat skin ailments, in the case of acne, sulfur works as a disinfectant. It unclogs pores, kills bacteria on the skin and minimize oiliness.

 iv. Retinoids (retinol, retin-A) found in prescription acne medication works by speeding up cell growth. Retinoids are not exfoliates that affect the top layer of your skin, but affect the lower layer of the skin (dermis) that forms new skin cells.

When dealing with a systemic way of fighting acne the key is to control hormonal imbalance that increases the oil produced by the skin’s sebaceous glands. One way of doing this is to increase you intake of oil supplements: Vitamin E, Fish Oil, and Evening Primrose Oil

6. When fighting acne, the math is as follows:

  •  Reduce the oil production (control hormones)- through proper dieting, intake of fish oil supplements and exercise 
  •  Improve skin’s exfoliation- by using Salicylic acid or Benzoyl Peroxide face wash 
  •  Disinfect the skin to kill harsh ingredients, if you’re not sure look at the ingredients list and make sure water is the first listed. If your skin is not sensitive, you can use a face wash with 2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide. 
  •  Exfoliating: After first cleansing, the next best step is to exfoliate. The best means of cleaning inside the pores where pimples occur is to use a 1% or 2% Salicylic acid. 
  •  Toning: Once you’ve exfoliated use a gentle toner to get rid of excess oil. An excellent option is Tea Tree oil which is a great natural disinfectant. 
  •  Treatment: After cleansing, your next step is to kill the bacteria with a treatment. 2.5% Benzoyl peroxide is still the best over the counter option. I personally find the 2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide cream a perfect fit for my sensitive skin. I once used a 10% all over my face and the next morning my face was swollen. 

However, for a great 3 day spot treatment I gently dab the 10% Benzoyl Peroxide on my pimple with a cotton bud. Every once in a while I like to deeply cleanse by adding a Retinoid treatment and clay mask.

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Friday, May 16, 2014


What is sunscreen? 
A cream or lotion rubbed onto the skin to protect it from the sun. An active ingredient in creams, lotions and other preparations for skin.
What sunscreen should I use?
1. Broad-spectrum protection (protects against UVA and UVB rays).
2. Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 30 or greater.
3. Water resistance.

A sunscreen that offers the above helps to protect your skin from sunburn, early skin aging, and skin cancer.

However, sunscreen alone cannot fully protect you. Also recommend that you seek shade when your shadow is shorter than you are and protect your skin by wearing long sleeves, pants, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses whenever possible.

 Who needs sunscreen? 
 Everyone. People of all skin colours get skin cancer. More than 3.5 million skin cancers in more than 2 million people are diagnosed annually. Many of these skin cancers could have been prevented with protection from the sun’s rays.

 When should I use sunscreen?
 Every day . The sun emits harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays year round. Even on cloudy days, harmful UV rays can penetrate your skin. Snow and sand increase the need for sunscreen.Snow reflects 80 percent of the sun’s rays, and sand reflects 25 percent of the sun’s rays.

 How much sunscreen should I use, and how often should I apply it? 
Use enough sunscreen to generously coat all skin that will be not be covered by clothing. Ask yourself, “Will my face, ears, arms, or hands be covered by clothing?” If not, apply sunscreen. Apply the sunscreen to dry skin 15 minutes BEFORE going outdoors. Skin cancer also can form on the lips. To protect your lips, apply a lip balm or lipstick that contains sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher. Re-apply sunscreen approximately every two hours or after swimming or sweating heavily according to the directions on the bottle.

 What type of sunscreen should I use? 
The best type of sunscreen is the one you will use again and again. Just make sure it offers UVA and UVB protection, an SPF of 30 or greater and is water resistant. The kind of sunscreen you choose is a matter of personal choice, and may vary depending on the area of the body to be protected.

Available sunscreen options include lotions, creams, gels, ointments, wax sticks and sprays Creams are best for dry skin and the face. Gels are good for hairy areas, such as the scalp or male chest. Sticks are good to use around the eyes. Sprays are sometimes preferred by parents since they are easy to apply to children. 

Make sure to use enough of these products to cover the entire surface area thoroughly, and do not inhale these products. There also are sunscreens made for specific purposes, such as for sensitive skin and babies. 

Regardless of which sunscreen you choose, be sure to apply it generously to achieve the UV protection indicated on the product label.