What is sunscreen?
A cream or lotion rubbed onto the skin to protect it from the sun. An active ingredient in creams, lotions and other preparations for skin.
What sunscreen should I use?
1. Broad-spectrum protection (protects against UVA and UVB rays).
2. Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 30 or greater.
3. Water resistance.
A sunscreen that offers the above helps to protect your skin from sunburn, early skin aging, and skin cancer.
However, sunscreen alone cannot fully protect you.
Also recommend that you seek shade when your shadow is shorter than you are and protect your skin by wearing long sleeves, pants, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses whenever possible.
Who needs sunscreen?
Everyone. People of all skin colours get skin cancer. More than 3.5 million skin cancers in more than 2 million people are diagnosed annually.
Many of these skin cancers could have been prevented with protection from the sun’s rays.
When should I use sunscreen?
Every day . The sun emits harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays year round.
Even on cloudy days, harmful UV rays can penetrate your skin.
Snow and sand increase the need for sunscreen.Snow reflects 80 percent of the sun’s rays, and sand reflects 25 percent of the sun’s rays.
How much sunscreen should I use, and how often should I apply it?
Use enough sunscreen to generously coat all skin that will be not be covered by clothing. Ask yourself, “Will my face, ears, arms, or hands be covered by clothing?” If not, apply sunscreen.
Apply the sunscreen to dry skin 15 minutes BEFORE going outdoors.
Skin cancer also can form on the lips. To protect your lips, apply a lip balm or lipstick that contains sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
Re-apply sunscreen approximately every two hours or after swimming or sweating heavily according to the directions on the bottle.
What type of sunscreen should I use?
The best type of sunscreen is the one you will use again and again. Just make sure it offers UVA and UVB protection, an SPF of 30 or greater and is water resistant.
The kind of sunscreen you choose is a matter of personal choice, and may vary depending on the area of the body to be protected.
Available sunscreen options include lotions, creams, gels, ointments, wax sticks and sprays
Creams are best for dry skin and the face.
Gels are good for hairy areas, such as the scalp or male chest.
Sticks are good to use around the eyes.
Sprays are sometimes preferred by parents since they are easy to apply to children.
Make sure to use enough of these products to cover the entire surface area thoroughly, and do not inhale these products.
There also are sunscreens made for specific purposes, such as for sensitive skin and babies.
Regardless of which sunscreen you choose, be sure to apply it generously to achieve the UV protection indicated on the product label.